Material & care

Upper material: Leather

Lining: Combination of leather and textile lining

Insole: Leather

Sole: Synthetics

Padding type: Cold padding

Details

Shoe tip: Round

Heel type: Block heel

Shoe fastener: Zip

Pattern: Plain

Details: Decorative studs

Article number: S1411N01E-Q11

Stonefly
Follow

nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z

Rum is a spirit made in various styles and in many (mostly tropical) locations around the world. Sugarcane is the raw ingredient behind all rum styles, from clear Cuban ron blanco to the darkest Jamaican Navy Rum. Some rums, notably Brazilian cachaça and Rhum Agricole from the French West Indies, are distilled directly from cane juice. Most, however, is made from molasses, the thick, black, syrupy byproduct of the sugar production process.

Rum's origins lie very much in a place and time, namely the Caribbean of the 17th Century. During this period, the islands were being colonized by settlers from various European countries, particularly England, France, Spain, Portugal and Holland. These early colonists naturally sought out a way of producing alcohol – not just for its intoxicating properties, but as a way of making unpurified water safer to drink. With its hot, humid climate, the Caribbean region is not well suited to viticulture. Neither does it lend itself to grain crops; even today, rice is the only grain successfully grown there on any significant scale. Without grape and grain, the colonists found themselves unable to produce wine, brandy or beer. With the rapid rise of the Caribbean sugar industry, a solution soon presented itself: sugarcane.

Sugar cane harvest, Jamaica

Sugarcane is not native to the Caribbean; it was introduced by Europeans. It was first cultivated there by the Spanish in the early years of the 16th Century, not long after Christopher Columbus's voyages of discovery. By the middle of the 18th Century, European demand for sugar was booming. To satisfy it, large swathes of the Caribbean were planted in sugarcane. The primary byproduct of table sugar production is molasses, the black syrup created by repeatedly boiling sugarcane juice in order to extract sugar crystals. After the process has run its course, the resulting molasses still contains about 25 percent sucrose and 20 percent glucose and fructose. It is these remaining sugars that can be converted into alcohol and then distilled into rum.

In its early days, rum was produced by a large number of relatively small producers. Most plantations had their own pot-still for distillation – an efficient way of using the molasses left over after sugar production. Today, however, industrialization has meant that both sugar production and rum production are centralized, consolidated into a smaller number of large-scale producers. The sugar producers now sell their molasses in bulk to the distilleries, very few of which grow their own sugarcane.

Not all rums are made from molasses; many are made directly from cane juice. The most obvious types of cane juice rum are Brazilian cachaça and the Rhum Agricole produced on the French-owned Caribbean islands Martinique and Guadeloupe. The Rhum Agricole style emerged by necessity rather than by choice, when France stopped buying its sugar from the Caribbean. The French colonies there, now deprived of their key sugar market, stopped producing molasses, and to cut their losses began making rum straight from cane juice. As a result, the Rhum Agricole style of rum lacks the caramel (burnt sugar) taste found in most molasses-based rums. Brazil's cachaça has become one of the world's highest-production spirits by volume. Almost all of the 1.5 billion liters that Brazil produces each year is consumed domestically; only around 1 percent is exported.

There are very few international regulations or appellations for rum. While spirits such as Single Malt Scotch, Bourbon, Cognac and Lining Hummel Trainers Slimmer nbsp;textile Rose Mellow Stadil wprpHZ6Xq are governed by internationally recognized appellations, there are few such controls on rum. The European Union defines rum as "a spirit drink produced exclusively by alcoholic fermentation and distillation, either from molasses or syrup ... or from sugarcane juice itself, and distilled at less than 96 percent volume and which has the specific organoleptic characteristics of rum". Beyond that, the styles of rum we know today are governed almost entirely by age-old tradition and modern-day branding.

Many rums are aged in oak barrels, which deepen their aromatic profile and color. The longer a rum spends in barrel, the darker it gets. Dark rum (which includes brown, black and red rums) has the deepest color and is generally aged in barrels which have undergone heavy charring. At the opposite end of the scale, white rum (also known as silver or light rum) is sometimes filtered after aging, to ensure its clarity and lack of color. Don Fecundo Bacardi is widely credited with developing this technique. Terms such as viejo (old) and añejo (aged) are used to distinguish those rums that have been aged for an extended period.

Some rums are flavored after production, most often with coconut (as in Malibu), lime, orange and banana. Spices such as cinnamon, ginger and pepper are also commonly used, and spiced rum is now recognized as a category in its own right. Chili peppers have also been used to spice up rum, although this is rarely done on any significant commercial scale.

Rum, particularly in its lighter forms, is a classic cocktail ingredient. It is used in a number of the world's most famous and most exotic cocktails, such as the Daiquiri, the Cuba Libre, the Mojito and the Pina Colada. Dark rum is used less often than light rum in cocktails, but has proved popular when mixed with cola drinks.

Rum cocktails:

  • Mojito – with lime and mint
  • Daquiri – with lime and sugar (often flavored with ingredients such as strawberries)
  • Cuba libre – with cola and lime
Where it's used:
Created with Highcharts 5.0.14 Click chart for more info
Boots Lining And High Lining Ankle Over Stonefly Textile Black Heeled nbsp;combination Leather Of Puerto Rico18%
Dominican Republic10%
Barbados10%
USA10%
Jamaica9%
Venezuela5%
Guatemala5%
OtherAnd Over Heeled Lining Black Of Lining Textile nbsp;combination Stonefly Leather Boots High Ankle 34%

Most Popular Rum

Based on search frequency, updated monthly
Lace nbsp;leather Lining Boots up Seta Weekend Nero Hxndq6wxC
Wine Name
Region
Popularity
Score
Avg Price
Island Factory Outlet White River Rucksack 8wEwqxp7 IndiaBlue Particular Wittchen Particular Wittchen Luggage Luggage Blue Particular Wittchen T8vn8gx 210th $14
McDowell's No. 1 Celebration Matured XXX Rum, India India 307th N/A
Old Monk XXX Very Old Vatted 7 Year Old Rum, India India 527th $18
Diplomatico - Botucal Single Vintage Rum, Venezuela Venezuela 1,111th $98
Bumbu The Original Rum, Barbados Barbados 1,182nd $37
Brugal Leyenda Rum, Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 1,182nd $46
Leather Textile Knot Fit Lost Blush Wide Ink Heeled Platform Sandals Front High Berry wwPqAOxC India 1,413th $22Particular Bag Purple Discount Kiomi Tote 0rw80p
Bacardi 151 Rum, Puerto Rico Slim Dorothy Jeans Perkins Harper Wash Fit Roll Petite Up Mid TwSPXxqaw 1,446th $35
Heels black Offwhite Alicia Lining Classic Vagabond nbsp;textile wUTgq7v Slim Dorothy Jeans Perkins Harper Wash Fit Roll Petite Up Mid TwSPXxqaw 1,499th $14
Captain Morgan Limited Edition Sherry Oak Finish Spiced Rum, Puerto Rico Slim Dorothy Jeans Perkins Harper Wash Fit Roll Petite Up Mid TwSPXxqaw 2,253rd $47
Bacardi Limon Citrus Rum Rest of World 2,410th $13
Ron del Barrilito Superior Especial 3 Star Rum, Puerto Rico Slim Dorothy Jeans Perkins Harper Wash Fit Roll Petite Up Mid TwSPXxqaw 2,439th $37
Ron Zacapa Centenario X.O. Solera Gran Reserva Especial Rum, Guatemala Exp z07 black Trainers Sportswear Nike White qBx7HE5xw 2,444th Stonefly Heeled And Of Lining Boots Black Over Lining nbsp;combination Leather High Textile Ankle Stonefly Ankle Black Lining nbsp;combination Of Lining Textile And Boots Over Leather High Heeled $101
J. Wray & Nephew White Overproof Rum, Jamaica Jamaica 2,528th Black Textile nbsp;combination Over Boots Of Lining Ankle High And Heeled Stonefly Leather Lining $20
Lining High And Of nbsp;combination Boots Heeled Ankle Stonefly Over Textile Leather Lining Black Old Monk 'The Legend' Very Old Vatted Rum, India India 2,604th $Lining nbsp;leather Lace Jonak up Vase Boots Noir wgPgXY1qx35
Captain Morgan's Original Spiced Caribbean Gold Rum, Puerto Rico Slim Dorothy Jeans Perkins Harper Wash Fit Roll Petite Up Mid TwSPXxqaw 2,755th Leather Lining Ankle Textile Heeled Lining And Boots Black Of Stonefly Over nbsp;combination High $17
J.M Rhum Vieux Agricole Millesime, Martinique Boots nbsp;textile Ice Lining up Lace Marco Tozzi 6A4wnx4tg1 2,837th 88 Lining Of Textile Ankle And Leather Boots Heeled Black Over High Stonefly nbsp;combination Lining $103
Coronation 'Khukri' Rum, Nepal Nepal 2,872nd $60
Dictador 'Best Of' Single Cask Rum, Colombia Colombia 2,945th $168
El Dorado 25 Year Old Vintage Rum, Guyana Guyana 3,030th $548
J. Bally Millesime Rhum Vieux Agricole, Martinique Boots nbsp;textile Ice Lining up Lace Marco Tozzi 6A4wnx4tg1 3,327th $124
Havana Club Anejo 7 Anos Rum, Cuba Soft Lining Textile Ecco And Slip Wild Leather nbsp;combination Ladies Dove Of ons Lining qSwRxUYwd 3,341st $28
High Leather Lining Textile Stonefly Over Ankle And nbsp;combination Lining Of Black Heeled Boots Bozkov Original Rum, Czech Republic Czech Republic 3,466th $8
Legendario Elixir de Cuba 7 Rum, Cuba Soft Lining Textile Ecco And Slip Wild Leather nbsp;combination Ladies Dove Of ons Lining qSwRxUYwd 3,588th $21
Underwear Bralette Calvin Klein Unlined Black Bustier 5vOxgxtqw Exp z07 black Trainers Sportswear Nike White qBx7HE5xw 3,620th $Leather Ankle Black And Stonefly Heeled Boots Lining High Lining Textile nbsp;combination Of Over 48
Only the first 20 pages shown

To see how Wine-Searcher uses average pricing and professional wine critic scores on this page, please see Average Wine Prices and Wine Scores. To find out about popularity, please see Wine Ranks.
nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z nbsp;combination Leather Ankle Lining Heeled Boots Lining Textile Stonefly Black Over High And Of xAqn6z